Franz Marc and August Macke were part of the German Expressionist movement. Expressionism was a literary and artistic movement arising around the beginning of 1900. The goal of the Expressionist painters was to impose their own sensibility onto the world being depicted. They were representing an inner experience, what an image meant to them. They were not after a photographic likeness. They used inventive powers to evoke emotions. Expressionism developed perhaps in reaction to the dehumanizing effect of industrialization. The increasing availability of photography may have also helped push painters to want to distinguish themselves as having a different role than just that of faithful reproduction.
Both Marc and Macke died early in their artistic careers, fighting in World War I. August Macke died at the front in Champagne, France at the age of 27. Franz Marc died at the age of 36 during the Battle of Verdun. The price of war is so very high. If they would have survived the war, I wonder if they would have continued to paint.
|August Macke, Vegetable Fields, 1911|
|August Macke, Lady in a Green Jacket|
|Franz Marc, The Large Blue Horses, 1911|
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