Qian Xuan is a Chinese painter that lived from 1235-1305. He happened to live at a time when the Mongol founded Yuan Dynasty took over the southern regions of China (1276), and this had a profound influence on his work. Opportunities for artists at court were restricted and some artists choose to withdraw into seclusion. Qian Xyan was one of the first artists to go in this direction. He choose to have his artistic style reflect the qualities of ancient paintings, perhaps as a political commentary.